FACT Coalition Applauds Disclosure of Tax Havens and Offshoring Act Backed by Investors with close to $2.9 Trillion in Assets Under Management
WASHINGTON, DC – The Financial Accountability and Corporate Transparency (FACT) Coalition today welcomed the reintroduction of the Disclosure of Tax Havens and Offshoring Act in the House and Senate (H.R. 3007, S. 1545). Led by Rep. Cynthia Axne (D-IA) and Sen. Chris Van Hollen (D-MD), the legislation would require multinational corporations to disclose their taxes paid and other key information publicly on a country-by-country basis.
“With major changes to the U.S. and global corporate tax regimes on the horizon, investors and the public need better information to understand the impact of these changes,” said Ian Gary, executive director of the FACT Coalition. “With the global pandemic and economic crises draining government coffers around the world, greater attention is rightly being paid to corporate tax avoidance, including by companies making huge profits. The Disclosure of Tax Havens and Offshoring Act provides a much-needed spotlight on corporate profit shifting and tax avoidance strategies, both to protect investors and inform policymakers and the public.”
The legislation introduced today would require multinational corporations registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to disclose basic financial data – including profits, taxes paid, number of employees, and tangible assets – about their operations and subsidiaries overseas. Under an international OECD framework, this country-by-country reporting (CBCR) is already privately reported to the IRS, making any public reporting burdens negligible.
Investor groups with close to $2.9 trillion in assets under management pushed for quick movement on the legislation in an open letter released today. “Investors require income and tax information at the country-by-country level to better understand a company’s financial, reputational, and economic risks to make informed investment decisions,” the investors said. “With global momentum growing to significantly change how multinational corporations are taxed – including through the Administration’s tax change proposals and the OECD negotiations – investors now, more than ever, need information to inform them on how their holdings may be affected by changes to U.S. tax law.”
The Biden Administration and Congress are increasingly focused on cracking down on tax avoidance and evasion, including plans to provide more resources to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). So called “aggressive tax planning” can carry material risks for investors in multinational companies. For example, in November the U.S. Tax Court supported IRS allegations that Coca-Cola used profit-shifting to underpay taxes and the company is facing a possible $12 billion tax liability through 2020.
The introduction of the legislation represents further momentum in the global push for greater multinational tax transparency. The European Union is currently finalizing public country-by-country reporting requirements through negotiations between the European Council, European Parliament and European Commission. The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), an international standard-setting body whose reporting guidelines are followed by more than three-quarters of the companies listed on the Dow Jones Industrial Average, adopted new a new voluntary public country-by-country reporting tax transparency standard in January. Several major global multinational companies, such as Shell and Vodafone, already publish public country-by-country reports. In February a United Nations panel, the UN High-Level Panel on International Financial Accountability, Transparency, and Integrity, endorsed public country-by-country reporting in its final report.
Public country-by-country reporting is widely backed by a broad range of civil society groups, from labor union confederations such as the AFL-CIO, to small business groups, to economic justice, racial justice, and environmental justice organizations. Ninety-six civil society organizations issued a joint statement today urging Members of Congress to cosponsor the legislation.
“Increasing tax transparency through public disclosure will induce large corporations to clean up the most questionable tax practices — boosting revenues to combat the economic and health ramifications of the virus, invest in infrastructure, and other priorities,” the statement said.
Notes to Editor:
- Click here to read the text of the Disclosure of Tax Havens and Offshoring Act.
- Click here to read a letter from 64 investors representing nearly $2.9 trillion in assets under management supporting the legislation.
- Click here to read the letter 96 civil society organizations to Congress.
- Click here to read the letter from American Sustainable Business Council, Main Street Alliance, and Small Business Majority, supporting the legislation.
- Click here to learn more about the diverse constituencies supporting for public country-by-country reporting.